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Law Title Citation Agency State Category
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 TITLE I--Designation of Wilderness Areas to be Administered by the Bureau of Land Management; Sec. 102. DESIGNATION OF WILDERNESS, (1) Bureau of Land Management California
  • Public Use/Facilities
  • Structures/Roads
  • Access
  • Easements
  • Military Access
Wilderness(es): Argus Range Wilderness
Text: (1) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise approximately seventy-four thousand eight hundred and ninety acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘‘Argus Range Wilderness—Proposed 1’’, dated May 1991, and two maps entitled ‘‘Argus Range Wilderness—Proposed 2’’ and ‘‘Argus Range Wilderness—Proposed 3’’, dated January 1989, and which shall be known as the Argus Range Wilderness. If at any time within fifteen years after the date of enactment of this Act the Secretary of the Navy notifies the Secretary that permission has been granted to use lands within the area of the China Lake Naval Air Warfare Center for installation of a space energy laser facility, and that establishment of a right-of way across lands within the Argus Range Wilderness is desirable in order to facilitate access to the lands to be used for such facility, the Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976, may grant a right-of-way for, and authorize construction of, a road to be used solely for that purpose across such lands, notwithstanding the designation of such lands as wilderness. So far as practicable, any such road shall be aligned in a manner that takes into account the desirability of minimizing adverse impacts on wilderness values.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 102(13) Bureau of Land Management California
  • Public Use/Facilities
  • Structures/Roads
  • Access
  • Easements
  • Military Access
Wilderness(es): Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness
Text: (13) Certain lands in the California Desert Conservation Area, of the Bureau of Land Management, which comprise thirty-three thousand nine hundred and eighty acres, as generally depicted on a map entitled ‘‘Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness—Proposed’’, dated July 1993, and which shall be known as the Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness. The Secretary may, pursuant to an application filed by the Department of Defense, grant a right-of-way for, and authorize construction of, a road within the area depicted as ‘‘nonwilderness road corridor’’ on such map.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 103. ADMINISTRATION OF WILDERNESS AREAS, (c) Bureau of Land Management California
  • Commercial Use
  • Grazing
Wilderness(es): Argus Range Wilderness, Big Maria Mountains Wilderness, Bigelow Cholla Garden Wilderness, Bighorn Mountain Wilderness, Black Mountain Wilderness, Bright Star Wilderness, Bristol Mountains Wilderness, Cadiz Dunes Wilderness, Carrizo Gorge Wilderness, Chemehuevi Mountains Wilderness, Chimney Peak Wilderness, Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness, Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness, Clipper Mountain Wilderness, Coso Range Wilderness, Coyote Mountains Wilderness, Darwin Falls Wilderness, Dead Mountains Wilderness, Domeland Wilderness, El Paso Mountains Wilderness, Fish Creek Mountains Wilderness, Funeral Mountains Wilderness, Golden Valley Wilderness, Grass Valley Wilderness, Hollow Hills Wilderness, Ibex Wilderness, Indian Pass Wilderness, Inyo Mountains Wilderness, Jacumba Wilderness, Kelso Dunes Wilderness, Kiavah Wilderness, Kingston Range Wilderness, Little Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness, Little Picacho Wilderness, Malpais Mesa Wilderness, Manly Peak Wilderness, Mecca Hills Wilderness, Mesquite Wilderness, Newberry Mountains Wilderness, Nopah Range Wilderness, North Algodones Dunes Wilderness, North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness, Old Woman Mountains Wilderness, Orocopia Mountains Wilderness, Owens Peak Wilderness, Pahrump Valley Wilderness, Palen/McCoy Wilderness, Palo Verde Mountains Wilderness, Picacho Peak Wilderness, Piper Mountain Wilderness, Piute Mountains Wilderness, Resting Spring Range Wilderness, Rice Valley Wilderness, Riverside Mountains Wilderness, Rodman Mountains Wilderness, Sacatar Trail Wilderness, Saddle Peak Hills Wilderness, San Gorgonio Wilderness, Santa Rosa Wilderness, Sawtooth Mountains Wilderness, Sheephole Valley Wilderness, South Nopah Range Wilderness, Stateline Wilderness, Stepladder Mountains Wilderness, Surprise Canyon Wilderness, Sylvania Mountains Wilderness, Trilobite Wilderness, Turtle Mountains Wilderness, Whipple Mountains Wilderness
Text: (c) LIVESTOCK.—Within the wilderness areas designated under section 102, the grazing of livestock, where established prior to the date of enactment of this Act, shall be permitted to continue subject to such reasonable regulations, policies, and practices as the Secretary deems necessary, as long as such regulations, policies, and practices fully conform with and implement the intent of Congress regarding grazing in such areas as such intent is expressed in the Wilderness Act and section 101(f) of Public Law 101–628.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 103. ADMINISTRATION OF WILDERNESS AREAS, (c) Forest Service California
  • Commercial Use
  • Grazing
Wilderness(es): Bighorn Mountain Wilderness, Inyo Mountains Wilderness, Kiavah Wilderness
Text: (c) LIVESTOCK.—Within the wilderness areas designated under section 102, the grazing of livestock, where established prior to the date of enactment of this Act, shall be permitted to continue subject to such reasonable regulations, policies, and practices as the Secretary deems necessary, as long as such regulations, policies, and practices fully conform with and implement the intent of Congress regarding grazing in such areas as such intent is expressed in the Wilderness Act and section 101(f) of Public Law 101–628.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 103(d) Bureau of Land Management California
  • General Admininstration
  • Buffer Zones
Wilderness(es): Argus Range Wilderness, Big Maria Mountains Wilderness, Bigelow Cholla Garden Wilderness, Bighorn Mountain Wilderness, Black Mountain Wilderness, Bright Star Wilderness, Bristol Mountains Wilderness, Cadiz Dunes Wilderness, Carrizo Gorge Wilderness, Chemehuevi Mountains Wilderness, Chimney Peak Wilderness, Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness, Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness, Clipper Mountain Wilderness, Coso Range Wilderness, Coyote Mountains Wilderness, Darwin Falls Wilderness, Dead Mountains Wilderness, Domeland Wilderness, El Paso Mountains Wilderness, Fish Creek Mountains Wilderness, Funeral Mountains Wilderness, Golden Valley Wilderness, Grass Valley Wilderness, Hollow Hills Wilderness, Ibex Wilderness, Indian Pass Wilderness, Inyo Mountains Wilderness, Jacumba Wilderness, Kelso Dunes Wilderness, Kiavah Wilderness, Kingston Range Wilderness, Little Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness, Little Picacho Wilderness, Malpais Mesa Wilderness, Manly Peak Wilderness, Mecca Hills Wilderness, Mesquite Wilderness, Newberry Mountains Wilderness, Nopah Range Wilderness, North Algodones Dunes Wilderness, North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness, Old Woman Mountains Wilderness, Orocopia Mountains Wilderness, Owens Peak Wilderness, Pahrump Valley Wilderness, Palen/McCoy Wilderness, Palo Verde Mountains Wilderness, Picacho Peak Wilderness, Piper Mountain Wilderness, Piute Mountains Wilderness, Resting Spring Range Wilderness, Rice Valley Wilderness, Riverside Mountains Wilderness, Rodman Mountains Wilderness, Sacatar Trail Wilderness, Saddle Peak Hills Wilderness, San Gorgonio Wilderness, Santa Rosa Wilderness, Sawtooth Mountains Wilderness, Sheephole Valley Wilderness, South Nopah Range Wilderness, Stateline Wilderness, Stepladder Mountains Wilderness, Surprise Canyon Wilderness, Sylvania Mountains Wilderness, Trilobite Wilderness, Turtle Mountains Wilderness, Whipple Mountains Wilderness
Text: (d) NO BUFFER ZONES.—The Congress does not intend for the designation of wilderness areas in section 102 of this title to lead to the creation of protective perimeters or buffer zones around any such wilderness area. The fact that nonwilderness activities or uses can be seen or heard from areas within a wilderness area shall not, of itself, preclude such activities or uses up to the boundary of the wilderness area.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 103(d) Forest Service California
  • General Admininstration
  • Buffer Zones
Wilderness(es): Bighorn Mountain Wilderness, Inyo Mountains Wilderness, Kiavah Wilderness
Text: (d) NO BUFFER ZONES.—The Congress does not intend for the designation of wilderness areas in section 102 of this title to lead to the creation of protective perimeters or buffer zones around any such wilderness area. The fact that nonwilderness activities or uses can be seen or heard from areas within a wilderness area shall not, of itself, preclude such activities or uses up to the boundary of the wilderness area.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 103(e) Bureau of Land Management California
  • General Admininstration
  • Agency Jurisdiction
  • Natural/Cultural Resource Management
  • Wildlife Management
Wilderness(es): Argus Range Wilderness, Big Maria Mountains Wilderness, Bigelow Cholla Garden Wilderness, Bighorn Mountain Wilderness, Black Mountain Wilderness, Bright Star Wilderness, Bristol Mountains Wilderness, Cadiz Dunes Wilderness, Carrizo Gorge Wilderness, Chemehuevi Mountains Wilderness, Chimney Peak Wilderness, Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness, Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness, Clipper Mountain Wilderness, Coso Range Wilderness, Coyote Mountains Wilderness, Darwin Falls Wilderness, Dead Mountains Wilderness, Domeland Wilderness, El Paso Mountains Wilderness, Fish Creek Mountains Wilderness, Funeral Mountains Wilderness, Golden Valley Wilderness, Grass Valley Wilderness, Hollow Hills Wilderness, Ibex Wilderness, Indian Pass Wilderness, Inyo Mountains Wilderness, Jacumba Wilderness, Kelso Dunes Wilderness, Kiavah Wilderness, Kingston Range Wilderness, Little Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness, Little Picacho Wilderness, Malpais Mesa Wilderness, Manly Peak Wilderness, Mecca Hills Wilderness, Mesquite Wilderness, Newberry Mountains Wilderness, Nopah Range Wilderness, North Algodones Dunes Wilderness, North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness, Old Woman Mountains Wilderness, Orocopia Mountains Wilderness, Owens Peak Wilderness, Pahrump Valley Wilderness, Palen/McCoy Wilderness, Palo Verde Mountains Wilderness, Picacho Peak Wilderness, Piper Mountain Wilderness, Piute Mountains Wilderness, Resting Spring Range Wilderness, Rice Valley Wilderness, Riverside Mountains Wilderness, Rodman Mountains Wilderness, Sacatar Trail Wilderness, Saddle Peak Hills Wilderness, San Gorgonio Wilderness, Santa Rosa Wilderness, Sawtooth Mountains Wilderness, Sheephole Valley Wilderness, South Nopah Range Wilderness, Stateline Wilderness, Stepladder Mountains Wilderness, Surprise Canyon Wilderness, Sylvania Mountains Wilderness, Trilobite Wilderness, Turtle Mountains Wilderness, Whipple Mountains Wilderness
Text: (e) FISH AND WILDLIFE.—As provided in section 4(d)(7) of the Wilderness Act, nothing in this title shall be construed as affecting the jurisdiction of the State of California with respect to wildlife and fish on the public lands located in that State.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 103(e) Forest Service California
  • General Admininstration
  • Agency Jurisdiction
  • Natural/Cultural Resource Management
  • Wildlife Management
Wilderness(es): Bighorn Mountain Wilderness, Inyo Mountains Wilderness, Kiavah Wilderness
Text: (e) FISH AND WILDLIFE.—As provided in section 4(d)(7) of the Wilderness Act, nothing in this title shall be construed as affecting the jurisdiction of the State of California with respect to wildlife and fish on the public lands located in that State.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 103(f) Bureau of Land Management California
  • Motorized/Mechanized Use
  • Motorized Vehicles
  • Natural/Cultural Resource Management
  • Fisheries
  • Wildlife Management
Wilderness(es): Argus Range Wilderness, Big Maria Mountains Wilderness, Bigelow Cholla Garden Wilderness, Bighorn Mountain Wilderness, Black Mountain Wilderness, Bright Star Wilderness, Bristol Mountains Wilderness, Cadiz Dunes Wilderness, Carrizo Gorge Wilderness, Chemehuevi Mountains Wilderness, Chimney Peak Wilderness, Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness, Cleghorn Lakes Wilderness, Clipper Mountain Wilderness, Coso Range Wilderness, Coyote Mountains Wilderness, Darwin Falls Wilderness, Dead Mountains Wilderness, Domeland Wilderness, El Paso Mountains Wilderness, Fish Creek Mountains Wilderness, Funeral Mountains Wilderness, Golden Valley Wilderness, Grass Valley Wilderness, Hollow Hills Wilderness, Ibex Wilderness, Indian Pass Wilderness, Inyo Mountains Wilderness, Jacumba Wilderness, Kelso Dunes Wilderness, Kiavah Wilderness, Kingston Range Wilderness, Little Chuckwalla Mountains Wilderness, Little Picacho Wilderness, Malpais Mesa Wilderness, Manly Peak Wilderness, Mecca Hills Wilderness, Mesquite Wilderness, Newberry Mountains Wilderness, Nopah Range Wilderness, North Algodones Dunes Wilderness, North Mesquite Mountains Wilderness, Old Woman Mountains Wilderness, Orocopia Mountains Wilderness, Owens Peak Wilderness, Pahrump Valley Wilderness, Palen/McCoy Wilderness, Palo Verde Mountains Wilderness, Picacho Peak Wilderness, Piper Mountain Wilderness, Piute Mountains Wilderness, Resting Spring Range Wilderness, Rice Valley Wilderness, Riverside Mountains Wilderness, Rodman Mountains Wilderness, Sacatar Trail Wilderness, Saddle Peak Hills Wilderness, San Gorgonio Wilderness, Santa Rosa Wilderness, Sawtooth Mountains Wilderness, Sheephole Valley Wilderness, South Nopah Range Wilderness, Stateline Wilderness, Stepladder Mountains Wilderness, Surprise Canyon Wilderness, Sylvania Mountains Wilderness, Trilobite Wilderness, Turtle Mountains Wilderness, Whipple Mountains Wilderness
Text: (f) FISH AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT.— Management activities to maintain or restore fish and wildlife populations and the habitats to support such populations may be carried out within wilderness areas designated by this title and shall include the use of motorized vehicles by the appropriate State agencies.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 103(f) Forest Service California
  • Motorized/Mechanized Use
  • Motorized Vehicles
  • Natural/Cultural Resource Management
  • Fisheries
  • Wildlife Management
Wilderness(es): Bighorn Mountain Wilderness, Inyo Mountains Wilderness, Kiavah Wilderness
Text: (f) FISH AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT.— Management activities to maintain or restore fish and wildlife populations and the habitats to support such populations may be carried out within wilderness areas designated by this title and shall include the use of motorized vehicles by the appropriate State agencies.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Title II--Designation of Wilderness Areas to be Administered by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service; Sec. 202. NO EFFECT ON COLORADO RIVER DAMS. Fish and Wildlife Service Arizona
California
  • Water
  • Water Facilities
  • Public Use/Facilities
  • Structures/Roads
Wilderness(es): Havasu Wilderness, Imperial Refuge Wilderness
Text: Nothing in this title shall be construed to affect the operation of federally owned dams located on the Colorado River in the Lower Basin.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 203. NO EFFECT ON UPPER BASIN. Fish and Wildlife Service Arizona
California
  • Water
  • Water Facilities
  • Water Resources
  • Water Rights/Laws
  • Public Use/Facilities
  • Structures/Roads
Wilderness(es): Havasu Wilderness, Imperial Refuge Wilderness
Text: Nothing in this Act shall amend, construe, supersede, or preempt any State law, Federal law, interstate compact, or international treaty pertaining to the Colorado River (including its tributaries) in the Upper Basin, including, but not limited to the appropriation, use, development, storage, regulation, allocation, conservation, exportation, or quality of those rivers.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 204. COLORADO RIVER Fish and Wildlife Service Arizona
California
  • Water
  • Water Rights/Laws
Wilderness(es): Havasu Wilderness, Imperial Refuge Wilderness
Text: With respect to the Havasu and Imperial wilderness areas designated by subsection 201(a) of this title, no rights to water of the Colorado River are reserved, either expressly, impliedly, or otherwise.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Title VII--Miscellaneous Provisions; Sec. 705. NATIVE AMERICAN USES AND INTERESTS, (a) National Park Service California
Nevada
  • General Admininstration
  • "Minimum necessary" Requirements
  • Pre-existing Uses/Rights/ Laws
  • Natural/Cultural Resource Management
  • Cultural Resources
  • Access
  • Tribal Access
Wilderness(es): Death Valley Wilderness, Joshua Tree Wilderness, Mojave Wilderness
Text: (a) ACCESS.—In recognition of the past use of the National Park System units and wilderness areas designed under this Act by Indian people for traditional cultural and religious purposes, the Secretary shall ensure access to such park system units and wilderness areas by Indian people for such traditional cultural and religious purposes. In implementing this section, the Secretary, upon the request of an Indian tribe or Indian religious community, shall temporarily close to the general public use of one or more specific portions of the park system unit or wilderness area in order to protect the privacy of traditional cultural and religious activities in such areas by Indian people. Any such closure shall be made to affect the smallest practicable area for the minimum period necessary for such purposes. Such access shall be consistent with the purpose and intent of Public Law 95–341 (42 U.S.C. 1996) commonly referred to as the ‘‘American Indian Religious Freedom Act’’, and with respect to areas designated as wilderness, the Wilderness Act (78 Stat. 890; 16 U.S.C. 1131).
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 706. FEDERAL RESERVED WATER RIGHTS. National Park Service California
Nevada
  • Water
  • Water Resources
  • Water Rights/Laws
Wilderness(es): Death Valley Wilderness, Joshua Tree Wilderness, Mojave Wilderness
Text: (a) Except as otherwise provided in section 204 of this Act, with respect to each wilderness area designated by this Act, Congress hereby reserves a quantity of water sufficient to fulfill the purposes of this Act. The priority date of such reserved water rights shall be the date of enactment of this Act. (b) The Secretary and all other officers of the United States shall take all steps necessary to protect the rights reserved by this section, including the filing by the Secretary of a claim for the quantification of such rights in any present or future appropriate stream adjudication in the courts of the State of California in which the United States is or may be joined in accordance with section 208 of the Act of July 10, 1952 (66 Stat. 560, 43 U.S.C. 666), commonly referred to as the McCarran Amendment. (c) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as a relinquishment or reduction of any water rights reserved or appropriated by the United States in the State of California on or before the date of enactment of this Act. (d) The Federal water rights reserved by this Act are specific to the wilderness area located in the State of California designated under this Act. Nothing in this Act related to the reserved Federal water rights shall be construed as establishing a precedent with regard to any future designations, nor shall it constitute an interpretation of any other Act or any designation made thereto.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Sec. 708. ACCESS TO PRIVATE PROPERTY. National Park Service California
Nevada
  • General Admininstration
  • Inholdings
  • Access
  • General Access
Wilderness(es): Death Valley Wilderness, Joshua Tree Wilderness, Mojave Wilderness
Text: The Secretary shall provide adequate access to nonfederally owned land or interests in land within the boundaries of the conservation units and wilderness areas designated by this Act which will provide the owner of such land or interest the reasonable use and enjoyment thereof.
103-433 California Desert Protection Act of 1994 Title VIII--MILITARY LANDS AND OVERFLIGHTS. National Park Service California
Nevada
  • Motorized/Mechanized Use
  • Aircraft/Helicopters
  • Access
  • Military Access
Wilderness(es): Death Valley Wilderness, Joshua Tree Wilderness, Mojave Wilderness
Text: (a) OVERFLIGHTS.—Nothing in this Act, the Wilderness Act, or other land management laws generally applicable to the new units of the National Park or Wilderness Preservation Systems (or any additions to existing units) designated by this Act, shall restrict or preclude low-level overflights of military aircraft over such units, including military overflights that can be seen or heard within such units. (b) SPECIAL AIRSPACE.—Nothing in this Act, the Wilderness Act, or other land management laws generally applicable to the new units of the National Park or Wilderness Preservation Systems (or any additions to existing units) designated by this Act, shall restrict or preclude the designation of new units of special airspace or the use or establishment of military flight training routes over such new park system or wilderness units.