The United States Congress designated the Cumberland Island Wilderness (map
) in 1982 and it now has a total of 9,886 acres
All of this wilderness is located in Georgia
and is managed by the National Park Service.
Established in 1972 and managed by the National Park Service, Cumberland Island National Seashore protects sparkling white beaches and sand dunes, freshwater lakes, and saltwater marshes. At 36,545 acres, it is Georgia's largest and southernmost barrier against seaborne storms. The island measures about 16 miles in length and 3 miles at it’s widest, with approximately 1 mile of water and marshland separating it from the mainland. A maritime forest is the centerpiece of the island, providing shade for the deer that attract hunters during six managed hunts. When the hunters appear (usually a few days every month from November through February), visitation and camping are restricted on parts of the island. The first-rate surf fishing attracts another kind of hunter (GA fishing license is required, visit www.georgiawildlife.com for regulations). Attractions include the ruins of Thomas Carnegie's Dungeness Mansion, built in the late 1800s, a short walk from the ferry dock on the southern end of the island. Alligators, loggerhead turtles, and pelicans live on the beaches. The northern portion of the island, has been designated Wilderness, starting approximately four miles north of the ferry dock (you have to take a passenger ferry to get here from the mainland). For most of the year, insect repellent is strongly recommended for campers. Bicycles are permitted on the roads, fires are only permitted at Sea Camp and Stafford campgrounds, and beach access is allowed only at designated dune crossings. There are bathrooms on the south end and the very northern end of the island; there are no facilities in the designated wilderness. Water from wells must be treated before drinking.