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Becharof Wilderness

General Maps Area Management Wilderness Laws
Photograph taken in  the Becharof Wilderness
Credit:
USFWS

Introduction

The United States Congress designated the Becharof Wilderness (map) in 1980 and it now has a total of 400,000 acres. All of this wilderness is located in Alaska and is managed by the Fish and Wildlife Service. The Becharof Wilderness is bordered by the Katmai Wilderness to the north.

Description

Set where the state begins to slim down into the Alaska Peninsula, 35-mile-by-15-mile Becharof Lake is Alaska's second largest body of inland water (only Lake Iliamna is larger). Becharof Wilderness, about one-third of the Becharof National Wildlife Refuge, extends from the lake's northeastern shore south to the Pacific Ocean. Becharof Lake is also the world's second largest salmon nursery. When the salmon spawn, brown bears cluster here in greater numbers than anywhere else. Some actually den on islands in the lake, a behavior noted nowhere else on Earth. On the coast, Puale Bay provides haul-out beaches for thousands of Steller sea lions and other sea mammals. Multitudes of seabirds come and go along a coastline cut deeply by misty fjords (steep cliffs falling into narrow saltwater bays). Wolves, moose, and members of a caribou herd numbering 15,000 are commonly sighted.

Becharof shows the scars of recent volcanic activity. Mount Peulik (4,835 feet) leaks gasses from rocks at its foot near the southern shore of Becharof Lake. In 1977, violent eruptions formed the shallow, broad, low-rimmed craters of Ukinrek Maars, also near the lake.

Hunters score an unusually high success rate with bears and caribou. Wildlife observers and photographers are common human visitors. Bear precautions are in order. Summer temperatures may rise into the 70s. Rainfall has reached 160 inches per year on the Pacific side of the Alaska Peninsula.

Planning to Visit the Becharof Wilderness?

Leave No Trace

How to follow the seven standard Leave No Trace principles differs in different parts of the country (desert vs. Rocky Mountains). Click on any of the principles listed below to learn more about how they apply in the Becharof Wilderness.
  1. Plan Ahead and Prepare
  2. Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
  3. Dispose of Waste Properly
  4. Leave What You Find
  5. Minimize Campfire Impacts
  6. Respect Wildlife
  7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors
For more information on Leave No Trace, Visit the Leave No Trace, Inc. website.



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