The United States Congress designated the Phillip Burton Wilderness (map
) in 1976 and it now has a total of 27,315 acres
All of this wilderness is located in California
and is managed by the National Park Service.
The Point Reyes Peninsula used to lie a couple hundred miles farther south before the San Andreas Fault decided to shift it to its current location. Unruffled by this forced eviction, the Point Reyes National Seashore presents a serene and sternly beautiful expanse of rock-lined beaches and a forest of fir and pine broken by meadowlands in the south, where roughly one-third of this national parkland has been designated Wilderness. Tall cliffs tower over forested ridges, and chaparral-covered swaths line both sides of a road that splits the Wilderness. More than 450 species of birds and 72 species of mammals have been identified, including seals and other marine animals that often gather along the bays and esteros. From December through April, the far reaches of the peninsula provide a prime spot for catching a glimpse of gray whales as they migrate between their feeding grounds in the Arctic and their breeding grounds in Mexican lagoons.
There are more than 140 miles of trails crisscrossing the area. In numerous small valleys, you'll find the brush dense and highlighted by stinging nettle and poison oak--good reason to stay on the trails. Cliff edges are often crumbly and should be avoided, and their bases are dangerous because of falling rocks. Riptides often make a dip in the ocean dangerous, but if you care to brave the chilly waters, non-Wilderness swimming beaches exist nearby. Overnight camping is allowed only at four hike-in campgrounds: Coast, Sky, Glen, and Wildcat. Weather is often cool and damp with dense fog common in summer. Although it's usually not that difficult to find a spot for solitary contemplation, human use is heavy.