The United States Congress designated the Galiuro Wilderness (map
) in 1964 and it now has a total of 77,584 acres
All of this wilderness is located in Arizona
and is managed by the Forest Service.
The Galiuro Wilderness is bordered by
the Redfield Canyon Wilderness
to the south.
The precipitous, rocky, and brushy Galiuro Mountains rise abruptly in block-like uplifts from the almost flat desert plains. Nineteen miles in length and six miles in width (on average), they are almost all designated Wilderness. Erosion has done its work here, creating many rugged cliffs with brightly colored rocks and exposed soils. Bisected by two main canyons, Redfield and Rattlesnake, the mountains support vegetation varying from semidesert grasslands through pinion, juniper, oak, and brush to mixed conifers and even aspens in the higher elevations. From about 4,000 feet, the ground rises to 7,671 feet on Bassett Peak. You'll find no perennial streams, but riparian areas appear throughout the Wilderness. Several springs supply water almost year-round: Power's Garden, Mud Spring, Corral Spring, Juniper Spring, South Field Spring, Kielberg Dam, Walnut Spring, Cedar Spring, and Holdout Spring. The plentiful wildlife includes black bears, mountain lions, javelinas, coyotes, bighorn sheep, and pronghorn, as well as many smaller mammals and birds. Near the summit of Bassett Peak you may come across the wreckage of a World War II B-24 bomber. The plane crashed there on a training run in January of 1943, killing all 11 men on board. A plaque mounted on one of the wings commemorates their final resting place. While there are a number of hiking trails, they are poorly marked and infrequently maintained. Maps and a compass are recommended. Off the trails, the topography makes walking extremely difficult. Human use of this area is light. Contact the local Forest Service office for current information on water sources.