Connecting federal employees, scientists, educators, and the public with their wilderness heritage
Climate Change Toolbox
This toolbox provides information about climate change and wilderness. It includes management guidelines and strategies, a glossary, and other resources you may find useful. In addition to the resources provided here, you may also be able to obtain advice and recommendations through discussion on
. Date of last update: 12/27/12.
Effects of Climate Change on Wilderness and Protected Areas
Climate Change and Species Conservation
Climate Change and Ecosystem Management
Climate Change, Fire and Ecosystems in the U.S.
Climate Change and Invasive Species
Climate Change and Water
Annotated Bibliography Management Guidelines and Strategies
North American Intergovernmental Committee on Cooperation for Wilderness and Protected Area Conservation: Climate Change Brochure
Federal Agency Strategies DOI
Secretarial Order #3289
Interior's Plan for a Coordinated, Science-Based Response to Climate Change Impacts on Our Land, Water, and Wildlife Resources BLM
2015 Strategic Plan FS
Strategic Framework for Responding to Climate Change, v. 1.0
Climate Change and Wilderness Briefing Paper - short
Climate Change and Wilderness Briefing Paper - long
Global Climate Change Research Strategy
National Roadmap for Responding to Climate Change
A Performance Scorecard for Implementing the FS Climate Change Strategy
Wilderness and Climate Change - A Vital Connection FWS
Climate Change Sharepoint Site
Climate Change Strategic Plan Overview
Climate Change Strategic Plan
Climate Change Strategic Plan FAQs
Regions 2 and 8 Workshop Report: Putting Knowledge into Action
Region 7 Workshop Report: Wildlife Response to Environmental Arctic Change NPS
Climate Change Program Brief: Law and Policy Working Group
Jon Jarvis Congressional Committee Briefing: Impacts of Climate Change on America's National Parks
Climate Change Action Plan 2012-2014
Climate Change Response Strategy
Glossary Resources, Publications, Whitepapers
Selected Non-Technical Resources on Climate Change and Wilderness
Interagency Wilderness Policy Dialogue on Wilderness and Climate Change, August 2009 A series of presentations given by scientists and managers about how climate change will affect wilderness.
Fish and Wildlife Service Climate Change website
Forest Service Climate Change Resource Center
National Park Service Climate Change Response Program
USGS Office of Global Change website
USGS National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center
U.S. Global Change Research Program U.S. Government Accountability Office. 2007.
Climate change: agencies should develop guidance for addressing the effects on Federal land and water resources. GAO-07-863 Scientific Publications
Baron, J.S., L. Gunderson, C.D. Allen, E. Fleishman, D. McKenzie, L.A. Meyerson, J. Oropeza, and N. Stephenson. 2009. Options for national parks and reserves for adapting to climate change. Environmental Management 44:1033-1042.
Baron et. al.
Some Guidelines for Helping Natural Resources Adapt to Climate Change Belant, J.L., E.A. Beever, J.E. Gross, J.L. Lawler. 2010. Ecological responses to contemporary climate change within species, communities, and ecosystems. Conservation Biology 24:7-9.
Brooke, C. 2008. Conservation and adaptation to climate change. Conservation Biology 22:1471-1476.
Bunn, A.G. 2009. The rock and ice problem in national parks: an opportunity for monitoring climate change impacts. Park Science 26(1):17-21.
Frelich, L.E., and P.B. Reich. Wilderness Conservation in an Era of Global Warming and Invasive Species: A Case Study from Minnesota's Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness
Gillson, L., and K.J. Willis. 2004. "As Earth's testimonies tell": wilderness conservation in a changing world. Ecology Letters 7:990-998.
Griffith, B., J.M. Scott, R. Adamcik, D. Ashe, B. Czech, R. Fischman, P. Gonzalez, J. Lawler, A.D. McGuire, and A. Pidgorna. 2009. Climate change adaptation for the US National Wildlife Refuge System. Environmental Management 44:1043-1052.
Hannah, L., G. Midgley, S. Andelman, M. Aranujo, G. Hughes, E. Martinez-Meyer, R. Pearson, and P. Williams. 2007. Protected area needs in a changing climate. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5:131-138.
Hansen, L., J. Hoffman, C. Drews, and E. Mielbrecht. 2009. Designing climate-smart conservation: guidance and case studies. Conservation Biology 24:63-69.
Heinz Center. 2008. Strategies for managing the effects of climate change on wildlife and ecosystems
Heller, N.E., and E.S. Zavaleta. 2009. Biodiversity management in the face of climate change: a review of 22 years of recommendations. Biological Conservation 142:14-32.
Hobbs et. al.
Guiding Concepts for Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Global Environmental Change Joyce, L.A., G.M. Blate, S.G. McNulty, C.I. Millar, S. Moser, R.P. Neilson, and D.L. Peterson. 2009. Managing for multiple resources under climate change: National Forests. Environmental Management 44:1022-1032.
Locke, H., and B. Mackey. 2009. The nature of climate change. International Journal of Wilderness 15(2):7-13,14.
Mawdsley, J.R., R.O'Malley, and D.S. Ojima. 2009. A review of climate-change adaptation strategies for wildlife management and biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology 23:1080-1089.
Moritz, C., J.L. Patton, C.J. Conroy, J.L. Parra, G.C. White, and S.R. Beissinger. 2008. Impact of a century of climate change on small-mammal communities in Yosemite National Park, USA. Science 322:261-264.
Olson, D., M. O'Connell, Y. Fang, J. Burger. 2009. Managing for climate change within protected area landscapes. Natural Areas Journal 29:394-399.
Parmesan, C. 2006. Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 37:637-669.
Post, E., and many other authors. 2009. Ecological dynamics across the arctic associated with recent climate change. Science 325:1355-1358.
Responding to the challenge of climate change: NPS strategies West, J.M., S.H. Julius, P. Kareiva, C. Enquist, J.J. Lawler, B. Peterson, A.E. Johnson, and M.R. Shaw. 2009. U.S. natural resources and climate change: concepts and approaches for management adaptation. Environmental Management 44:1001-1021.
Implications of Climate Change for Wilderness Policy
Climate Change Research in Wilderness
Common Ecological Myths about Wilderness