How can private landowners get access to private land within wilderness?
State and privately-owned land may occasionally become completely surrounded by wilderness. These lands are termed inholdings. Inholding landowners retain the right of adequate access to the inholding, subject to restrictions that are necessary to insure protection of wilderness values. Restrictions are determined on a case-by-case basis and can include prohibiting certain types of transportation (such as the use of vehicles), prohibiting the use of certain routes by certain types of transportation, or prohibiting the use of certain routes altogether. If landowners are willing and funds are available, the Federal government may purchase such inholdings. The land may also be exchanged for federally-owned land of approximately equal value within the same state. The Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA)
of 1980 contains special provisions for access to non-Federal lands within wilderness in Alaska.