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Bandelier Wilderness

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Yellow flowers span the foreground in front of distant mountains
Library image #4131: San Miguel Mountains


The United States Congress designated the Bandelier Wilderness (map) in 1976 and it now has a total of 23,267 acres. All of this wilderness is located in New Mexico and is managed by the National Park Service. The Bandelier Wilderness is bordered by the Dome Wilderness to the west.


From the twelfth to the mid-sixteenth centuries, a large population of Ancestral Pueblo people flourished among the cream-and-tan cliffs and piñon-juniper-forested mesas of the slopes of the Jemez Mountains. The dramatic setting, now Bandelier National Monument, showcases sheer-walled canyons dividing the long mesas of the Pajarito Plateau. When the people moved on, they settled in villages along the Rio Grande known today as Cochiti, Santo Domingo, San Felipe, and San Ildefonso Pueblos. Their present-day descendants maintain close traditional ties with the dwellings on the mesa tops, cliffs, and canyon bottoms throughout the Monument. The best-known sites are found along an easy self-guiding in Frijoles Canyon, just behind the park Visitor Center.

70 percent of the monument is designated as Wilderness. Elevations range from 5300' at the Rio Grande to 8,180 feet at the top of Boundary Peak Bandelier offers a variety of scenery and habitats. Hikers will find more than 70 miles of trails accessing sweeping mesa tops, lush canyons, and isolated archeological sites. Hiking choices vary in distance and difficulty, with choices including: four miles one-way to the 600' deep gorge of Alamo Canyon; six miles one-way to the ancestral pueblo of Yapashi; a 22-mile loop to Painted Cave in Capulin Canyon; about seven miles one-way to the densely forested upper part of Frijoles Canyon, repeatedly crossing El Rito de los Frijoles (Bean Creek). Two westbound trails leave the monument to enter Dome Wilderness. Pets, campfires, bicycles, and the use of weapons are not allowed in the monument's Wilderness.

Planning to Visit the Bandelier Wilderness?

Leave No Trace

The Leave No Trace standards apply to Bandelier Wilderness, except please note that campfires are not permitted. Visitors should familiarize themselves with recommended actions on encountering mountain lions, bears and rattlesnakes by visiting the Bandelier visitor center in Frijoles Canyon.