St. Marks Wilderness
The diverse habitat and abundant wildlife populations make St. Marks NWR one of the most outstanding units of the National Wildlife Refuge System. Visitors view wildlife across primitive saltmarshes, and in hardwood swamps, freshwater pools and lakes, fragrant pine flatwoods and pine-oak uplands. The refuge also protects 32,000 acres of Apalachee Bay that runs along the 40-some mile long coast, where visitors will see pelicans, bottlenose dolphins, manatees, sea turtles. The bay is also a popular saltwater fishing destination. Whether you are interested in birds, frogs, mammals, snakes, alligators, wildflowers, butterflies or just walking quietly in the woods, St. Marks NWR provides a generous variety of activities for visitors. Besides saltwater fishing, the refuge also boast year 'round freshwater fishing, hiking, birdwatching, seasonal hunting, and educational programs. Nesting birds include the Southern bald eagle, the red-cockaded woodpecker, wood ducks, ospreys and many song and shorebirds. Mammals such as white-tailed deer, black bear, river otter, bobcat, and foxes may be seen in their native habitats. In October, thousands of migrating monarch butterflies pause at St. Marks NWR to feed on their way to Mexico.