The United States Congress designated the Garden Mountain Wilderness (map
) in 2009 and it now has a total of 3,331 acres
All of this wilderness is located in Virginia
and is managed by the Forest Service.
The Garden Mountain Wilderness is bordered by
the Hunting Camp Creek Wilderness
to the east and the Beartown Wilderness
to the west.
Garden Mountain Wilderness lies on the southern flank of Garden Mountain extending around the unique geological structure of Burkes Garden. The Burkes Garden geological feature began as a dome of Clinch sandstone. Its center has been eroded away to form the bowl of Burkes Garden, while the resulting scarp forms a backbone from which the wilderness extends. The wilderness surrounds the headwaters of Lick Creek, a native trout stream which also harbors the endangered Tennessee dace, and extends to the summit ridge of Brushy Mountain to the south. The forest varies by elevation and aspect. The beaver workings and alluvial soils along Lick Creek have developed dense thickets of rose-bay rhododendron below a canopy of tulip tree, red and white oak, red maple, basswood and cucumber tree. The drier ridges are home to Catawba rhododendron, flame azalea and the xeric oaks and hickories. Much of the terrain is rugged and steep.
There is one developed trail, totaling 2.5 miles. The Appalachian National Scenic Trail (A.T., FT #1) parallels the northern boundary of the area along the summit of Garden Mountain, while the Lick Creek Trail (FT #6522) provides access to the valley bottom within the wilderness. Both attract moderate to heavy use, since this is a prime destination for hikers, hunters and campers. Trail information is available on National Geographic-Trails Illustrated Map # 787 (Blacksburg-New River Valley).
Garden Mountain Wilderness is located in Bland County in southwest Virginia. It is managed by the U.S. Forest Service as part of the Eastern Divide Ranger District of the George Washington & Jefferson National Forests.