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Upper Kiamichi River Wilderness

General Maps Contacts Area Management Wilderness Laws


The United States Congress designated the Upper Kiamichi River Wilderness (map) in 1988 and it now has a total of 10,372 acres. All of this wilderness is located in Oklahoma and is managed by the Forest Service.


Long ridges called Pine Mountain and Rich Mountain, with a high point of approximately 2,600 feet, shelter this Wilderness. Kiamichi is derived from the French word for "waterbird." You'll find groves of beech along the Kiamichi's headwaters, giving way to a dense forest of pine and hardwoods. The ridges are steep and the valleys below are relatively flat but narrow. In several places the ridges are broken by rock flows or "glaciers." Several creeks drain the area, often creating miniature and picturesque waterfalls. On the northern boundary runs the Talimena Scenic Byway (Oklahoma Highway 1) with over looks of the area. The Arkansas state line forms the eastern boundary. The western boundary lies along the Kiamichi Electric powerline, and the southwestern boundary begins at a parking lot on Pashubbe Creek where the Ouachita National Recreation Trail has a trailhead. Oklahoma holds a total of about 57 miles of the Ouachita Trail. Stretching nearly 200 miles from Talihina, Oklahoma, to Little Rock, Arkansas, here the trail follows the Upper Kiamichi River all the way across the Wilderness to a second trailhead at Stateline Monument. The Ouachita is the only maintained trail in the area; it crosses through the river several times, so you should plan on getting your feet wet. The Wilderness may be accessed off State Highway 63 near the southern boundary, and there is a parking lot near the southeastern corner where Horsepen Creek flows out of the area.

Planning to Visit the Upper Kiamichi River Wilderness?

Leave No Trace

How to follow the seven standard Leave No Trace principles differs in different parts of the country (desert vs. Rocky Mountains). Click on any of the principles listed below to learn more about how they apply in the Upper Kiamichi River Wilderness.
  1. Plan Ahead and Prepare
  2. Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
  3. Dispose of Waste Properly
  4. Leave What You Find
  5. Minimize Campfire Impacts
  6. Respect Wildlife
  7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors
For more information on Leave No Trace, Visit the Leave No Trace, Inc. website.

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