Wilderness Science in a Time of Change Conference

Missoula, Montana

May 23-27, 1999


Volume 5: Wilderness Ecosystems, Threats, and Management

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                 Document Title


Volume Abstract





David N. Cole
Stephen F. McCool

Wilderness Ecosystems, Threats, and Management

1. Overviews

James K. Agee

Wilderness Fire Science: A State of Knowledge Review

Yu-Fai Leung
Jeffrey L. Marion

Recreation Impacts and Management in Wilderness: A State-of-Knowledge Review

Mitchel P. McClaran

Improving Livestock Management in Wilderness

John M. Randall

Improving Management of Nonnative Invasive Plants in Wilderness and Other Natural Areas

K. A. Tonnessen

Protecting Wilderness Air Quality in the United States

2. Recreation Impacts and Management

L. Alessa
C. G. Earnhart

Effects of Soil Compaction on Root and Root Hair Morphology: Implications for Campsite Rehabilitation

Laurel Boyers
Mark Fincher
Jan van Wagtendonk

Twenty-Eight Years of Wilderness Campsite Monitoring in Yosemite National Park

Tracy A. Farrell
Jeffrey L. Marion

Camping Impact Management at Isle Royale National Park: An Evaluation of Visitor Activity Containment Policies From the Perspective of Social Conditions

Anna M. T. Gajda
Judson Brown
Grant Peregoodoff
Patrick Bartier

Managing Coastal Recreation Impacts and Visitor Experience Using GIS

Ernest Hartley

Thirty-Year Monitoring of Subalpine Meadow Vegetation Following a 1967 Trampling Experiment at Logan Pass, Glacier National Park, Montana

Mark C. Jewell
William E. Hammitt

Assessing Soil Erosion on Trails: A Comparison of Techniques

Paul R. Lachapelle

Sanitation in Wilderness: Balancing Minimum Tool Policies and Wilderness Values

Yu-Fai Leung
Jeffrey L. Marion

Wilderness Campsite Conditions Under an Unregulated Camping Policy: An Eastern Example

Christopher A. Monz
Tami Pokorny
Jerry Freilich
Sharon Kehoe
Dayna Ayers-Baumeister

The Consequences of Trampling Disturbance in Two Vegetation Types at the Wyoming Nature Conservancy’s Sweetwater River Project Area

P. E. Moore
D. N. Cole
J. W. van Wagtendonk
M. P. McClaran
N. McDougald

Meadow Response to Pack Stock Grazing in the Yosemite Wilderness: Integrating Research and Management

Regina M. Rochefort
Darin D. Swinney

Human Impact Surveys in Mount Rainier National Park: Past, Present and Future

Akemi Yoda
Teiji Watanabe

Erosion of Mountain Hiking Trail Over a Seven-year Period in Daisetsuzan National Park, Central Hokkaido, Japan

3. Wilderness Restoration

David N. Cole
David R. Spildie

Soil Amendments and Planting Techniques: Campsite Restoration in the Eagle Cap Wilderness, Oregon

Sean Eagan
Peter Newman
Susan Fritzke
Louise Johnson

Restoration of Multiple-Rut Trails in the Tuolumne Meadows of Yosemite National Park

Joseph P. Flood
Leo H. McAvoy

The Influence of Wilderness Restoration Programs on Visitor Experience and Visitor Opinions of Managers

David R. Spildie
David N. Cole
Sarah C. Walker

Effectiveness of a Confinement Strategy in Reducing Pack Stock Impacts at Campsites in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness, Idaho

Charisse A. Sydoriak
Craig D. Allen
Brian F. Jacobs

Would Ecological Landscape Restoration Make the Bandelier Wilderness More or Less of a Wilderness?

Catherine Zabinski
David Cole

Understanding the Factors That Limit Restoration Success on a Recreation-Impacted Subalpine Site

4. Wilderness Fire and Management

Stephen F. Arno
David J. Parsons
Robert E. Keane

Mixed-Severity Fire Regimes in the Northern Rocky Mountains Consequences of Fire Exclusion and Options for the Future

Anthony C. Caprio
David M. Graber

Returning Fire to the Mountains: Can We Successfully Restore the Ecological Role of Pre-Euroamerican Fire Regimes to the Sierra Nevada?

Peter Z. Fulé
Thomas A. Heinlein
W. Wallace Covington
Margaret M. Moore

Continuing Fire Regimes in Remote Forests of Grand Canyon National Park

Thomas A. Heinlein
W. Wallace Covington
Peter Z. Fulé
Margaret M. Moore
Hiram B. Smith

Development of Ecological Restoration Experiments in Fire Adapted Forests at Grand Canyon National Park

Jon E. Keeley
Nathan L. Stephenson

Restoring Natural Fire Regimes to the Sierra Nevada in an Era of Global Change

MaryBeth Keifer
Nathan L. Stephenson
Jeff Manley

Prescribed Fire as the Minimum Tool for Wilderness Forest and Fire Regime Restoration: A Case Study From the Sierra Nevada, California

Kurt F. Kipfmueller
Thomas W. Swetnam

Fire-Climate Interactions in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area

David J. Parsons

The Challenge of Restoring Natural Fire to Wilderness

Matthew Rollins
Tom Swetnam
Penelope Morgan

Twentieth-Century Fire Patterns in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness Area, Idaho/Montana and the Gila/Aldo Leopold Wilderness Complex, New Mexico

G.Thomas Zimmerman
David L. Bunnell

The Federal Wildland Fire Policy: Opportunities for Wilderness Fire Management

5. Air, Water, and Exotic Species

Paul Stephen Corn
Roland A. Knapp

Fish Stocking in Protected Areas: Summary of a Workshop

L. Bruce Hill
Wendy Harper
John M. Halstead
Thomas  H. Stevens
Ina Porras
Kenneth  D. Kimball

Visitor Perceptions and Valuation of Visibility in the Great Gulf Wilderness, New Hampshire

R. A. Knapp
K. R. Matthews

Effects of Nonnative Fishes on Wilderness Lake Ecosystems in the Sierra Nevada and Recommendations for Reducing Impacts

Marilyn Marler

A Survey of Exotic Plants in Federal Wilderness Areas

David S. Pilliod
Charles R. Peterson

Evaluating Effects of Fish Stocking on Amphibian Populations in Wilderness Lakes

Ellen M. Porter

Air Quality Management in U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Wilderness Areas

6. Wilderness Management

Shannon S. Meyer

Legislative Interpretation as a Guiding Tool for Wilderness Management

S. Thomas Olliff
Sue Consolo Murphy

Seeking a Scientific Approach to Backcountry Management in Yellowstone National Park

Derek Petersen

Grizzly Bears as a Filter for Human Use Management in Canadian Rocky Mountain National Parks

Nicholas Sawyer

The Development of the 1999 Management Plan for the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area (Australia)

Michael J. Tranel

Wilderness Management Planning in an Alaskan National Park: Last Chance to Do It Right?

7. Dialogue Session Summary

Peter B. Landres
Mark W. Brunson
Linda Merigliano
Charisse Sydoriak
Steve Morton

Naturalness and Wildness: The Dilemma and Irony of Managing Wilderness


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