The United States Congress designated the Baboquivari Peak Wilderness (map
) in 1990 and it now has a total of 2,040 acres
All of this wilderness is located in Arizona
and is managed by the Bureau of Land Management.
On Arizona's smallest designated Wilderness, Baboquivari Peak rises sharply to dominate the scenic desert terrain of the east side of the Baboquivari Range, near the Mexican border. On the western side of the range lies the Tohono O'odham Nation. Baboquivari, near the southern end of the area, rates as the only major peak in the state requiring technical climbing ability to reach the summit, a popular attraction for rock climbers. Elevations range from 7,730 feet on the summit to 4,500 feet on the desert floor. Vegetation in the higher country includes oak, walnut, and piñon; chaparral grace the lower elevations. Wildlife includes javelina, coyote, Coues whitetail deer, mule deer, mountain lion, bobcat, ringtail, coati and badger. Bird species include crested caracara, Harris' hawk, black vulture, prairie falcon, golden eagle, peregrine falcon and scaled quail.
You can hike along animal tracks on the informal trails. The Humphrey Ranch maintains a pedestrian easement to the edge of the Wilderness in Thomas Canyon. The hiking is strenuous, but your rewards are solitude and splendid vistas. Always carry plenty of water.