The United States Congress designated the North Santa Teresa Wilderness (map
) in 1990 and it now has a total of 5,800 acres
All of this wilderness is located in Arizona
and is managed by the Bureau of Land Management.
The North Santa Teresa Wilderness is bordered by
the Santa Teresa Wilderness
to the south.
Just south of and sharing a border with the San Carlos Indian Reservation, North Santa Teresa Wilderness preserves Black Rock, a geologic landmark of special spiritual significance to many Native Americans. Rising nearly 1,000 feet from its base and towering darkly over the desert floor, Black Rock possesses an undeniably mystical aura. Unfortunately, the rock has been abused by vandals in the past, which has made the San Carlos Apaches protective of the area. The remainder of the mile-long rhyolitic plug of which it is a part stands encircled by steep cliffs of several hundred feet. Elevations range from about 3,500 feet to 5,890 feet atop Jackson Mountain, in the southeast portion of the Wilderness. This boulder-strewn area supports dense desert and mountain shrub, grassland, and riparian vegetation. Wildlife known to inhabit the area includes black bears, coyotes, javelinas, mountain lions, and peregrine falcons. Temperatures can range anywhere from 20 to 110 degrees F with annual precipitation ranging from 10 to 15 inches.